The chakra system originated in India and was written down between 1500 and 500 BC in the text called the Vedas. Before this knowledge was recorded, It was passed down through an oral tradition by the Indo-European people, also called the Arayan people. The language they spoke was Sanskrit. Translated from Sanskrit, the word chakra means spinning disk or wheel of energy (Vortex). This wheel spins around its own axis. It can spin fast or slowly depending on the energy level in your system. Our chakras are part of the large network of subtle energies within our subtle body. Chakras are the major centers of spiritual power within the human body and store and distribute the energies of life throughout the body. This life force is also known as Prana (also called, Ki, Chi, Mana depending on your belief system), and runs along the spine.
The chakra’s are both connected to the physical organs in the body and the different layers within the aura. The living cells that make our body give off invisible energies. When grouped together and shaped as a body or any other life form, it will give out an aura. Our body’s primary senses correspond to the major chakras. These senses are: Breathing, circulation, digestion, reproduction and secretion. The brain and our whole being (the body) also have a corresponding chakra, making it a total of seven major chakras. These seven chakras respond to many smaller energy points within the body. People that practice acupuncture, foot and hand reflexology work specifically with these pressure points.
The seven main chakras:
Muladhara = The root chakra
Swadhisthana = The sacral chakra
Manipura = Solar plexus chakra
Anahata = Heart chakra
Vishuddhi = Throat chakra
Aagya = Third eye (Pineal gland) chakra
Sahasrara = Crown chakra
The condition of the chakras is directly connected to the health of the physical body, the mind and the emotional wellbeing of a person. When the life force (Prana) doesn’t flow freely and with ease, it becomes weak and/or congested. Opening the chakras lead to your overall wellbeing.
In addition to the seven chakras of the subtle body there is a network of subtle channels, known as Nadis (stream), through which the life force circulates. According to the tantric treatise Shiva Samhita, there are fourteen principle nadis. Of these the Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are considered the most important.
Ida means "comfort" and is associated with lunar energy. It is the left channel. It is the feminine energy. It corresponds to the coolness of the moon and is metaphorically referred to as the Ganges river. It originates in the root chakra and ends up in the left nostril. The Ida nadi controls all the mental processes and refers to the right hemisphere of the brain. It is introverted. The lunar channel Ida is pale in color and is also known as the Yin element in Chinese philosophy.
Pingala means "tawny" and is associated with solar energy. It is the right channel and the masculine energy. It corresponds to the warmth of the sun and is metaphorically referred to as the Yamuna river. It originates in the root chakra and ends up in the right nostril. The Pingala nadi controls all the vital processes and refers to the left hemisphere of the brain. It is extroverted. The solar channel Pingala is red in color and is also known as the Yang element in Chinese philosophy.
Sushumna means "very gracious" or "kind". It is the central channel and runs down the central axis of the body, through the spinal cord, and is associated with both nostrils being open and free to the passage of air. This Nadi connects the base Chakra to the crown Chakra and is very important, it makes way for the ascent of Kundalini. It is metaphorically referred to as the Saraswati river. Within the Sushumna nadi are three more subtle channels: Vajra, Chitrini and the Brahma Nadi through which the Kundalini moves. The Kundalini moves upwards, running up the body from just below the root Chakra to the crown Chakra. Kundalini is the divine cosmic energy (Divyashakti) in a latent form. It is a "power of pure intelligence".